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In our body, everything is interconnected. And if our hair began to fall out, we must first find the cause.
Bright Side Found the most common causes of hair problems and shares them with you.
2. Strict diets
A sharp weight loss in a short time is a big burden on the body, which leads to a decrease in immunity. And this is the cause of hair loss. If colds and infectious diseases are added, then the body is even more difficult to restore itself.
How to be
Instead of hard diets, do regular physical activity, which will benefit your overall health.
3. Chronic stress
Chronic stress can cause hair loss, as it affects the blood circulation of the scalp. But, as a rule, hair loss from stress is quickly restored.
How to be
Do not forget about a good rest, find your way of relaxation. And if emotional problems do not go away on their own, consult professional psychologists.
4. Improper care
Unsuitable hair products, frequent use of a hair dryer, trowels and irons can aggravate an existing problem by physically injuring the hair.
How to be
Try to limit the use of hair dryers, curling irons and chemicals, and consult with professionals about which care and styling products are right for you. By the way, despite numerous speeches about the dangers of SLS (sodium lauryl sulfate), its effect on hair loss has not been proven. On the contrary, modern studies insist on the non-involvement of sulfates in hair loss.
Why hair falls out so much - the main reasons
Hair - an organ that is sensitive to the state of the body. Hair reacts to poor nutrition, diseases, hormones, external influences and stresses: from changes in the structure and appearance of hair to the appearance of visible foci of baldness.
Let us single out the main groups of reasons why hair falls out so much:
- Errors in hair and scalp care. The use of inappropriate cosmetics, aggressive coloring, frequent drying with a hot hairdryer and other factors negatively affect the hair rods and roots, disrupt the scalp's nutrition and blood circulation. Minimizing the negative effects and hair restoration measures help eliminate increased hair loss, which in this case relates more to cosmetic defects than to unhealthiness. The same group includes exposure to cold, wind, and the sun - the head must be protected from climatic factors so as not to expose the skin to overcooling, overheating and harmful ultraviolet radiation.
- Diseases of the scalp. Dermatitis, seborrhea, fungal infection often lead to weakening of the roots and hair loss.
- Chronic diseases and unhealthy habits. Poor blood supply to the bulbs is the result of vascular spasms that occur both for objective reasons, for example, due to cardiovascular pathology, osteochondrosis, as well as smoking, caffeine and alcohol abuse.
- Weakened immunity. Long-term illnesses, taking antibiotics, and disturbed intestinal microflora do not affect the condition of the hair in the best way.
- Deficiency of vitamins and minerals. The main reason for this condition is poor nutrition, diets, seasonal vitamin deficiencies.
- Physiological reasons. Active hair loss can occur for natural reasons. In particular, in women, hormonal fluctuations associated with pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives lead first to an increase in the density of hair and then to “molt” against the background of the so-called withdrawal effect. So, at the time of carrying a child, female hormones slow down the development of follicles, delaying them in the growth phase. Hair falls out strongly after childbirth, when the action of estrogen returns to normal, and all the hair that hasn’t fallen off begins to “roll in” with a vengeance. Contraceptive hormones work by a similar principle.
- Hormonal disorders. Unlike natural hormonal fluctuations, endocrine pathologies are not the norm, and baldness caused by one of these diseases can be irreversible. Problems with the thyroid gland, an imbalance of sex hormones in both men and women contribute to thinning hairstyles. The woman’s hair falls out severely with hyperandrogenism, in the strong half of humanity, the male hormone dihydrotestosterone is also responsible for alopecia. In hormonal baldness, a hereditary factor plays a large role.
- Drug exposure. A number of drugs cause a negative reaction of the body, from allergic to toxic, resulting in damage to hair follicles. Antihypertensive drugs, antidepressants, chemotherapeutic substances have a strong effect on follicles.
- Anemia. A pathological lack of iron in the body is accompanied by low hemoglobin, weakness, increased fatigue and drowsiness. Outwardly, this disease is expressed by dull pale skin and sparse hair.
- Stress. Chronic stress is one of the factors of spasm of the vessels of the head and poor nutrition of the follicles.
What to do if hair falls out badly?
Baldness treatment is aimed at 2 goals: stop hair loss and activate hair restoration. To solve these problems, first of all, it is necessary to determine the cause of alopecia. In addition to a trichologist (dermatologist), it is necessary to be examined by a gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, gynecologist and other specialists according to indications. In some cases, it is required:
- hormonal correction - for endocrine disorders, menopause in women,
- the use of medications (for example, antifungal drugs),
- another specific treatment that can only be prescribed by a doctor.
Pharmacology against baldness
Today, there are quite serious drugs against alopecia, the use of which is justified only in difficult situations:
- Oral contraceptives - a number of tablets that contribute to the normalization of hormonal levels in women. It reduces the production of male sex hormones in the ovaries and increases the blood estrogen content, which helps stop hair loss associated with an excess of androgens. They are prescribed by a gynecologist, the most common tablets from this group are Janine, Yarina, Diane-35.
- Hormone replacement therapy is a course of treatment with steroid drugs intended for menopausal women. Replenish estrogen deficiency in the body, fight the manifestations of menopause, including hair loss.
Reviews of doctors about the treatment of severe hair loss with hormonal drugs indicate the lack of effectiveness of this method, since there is a high risk of serious side effects and continued baldness when the course of therapy is stopped.
Vitamin intake is a prerequisite for the effective treatment of alopecia. Deficiency of vitamins and minerals in itself is capable of provoking increased hair loss. If hypovitaminosis is the main cause of the disease, vitamin therapy can stop thinning and strengthen hair follicles.
With other types of baldness, saturation of the body with the necessary substances is also important. Since nutrition is not able to quickly and effectively fill the deficiency, vitamins are used in medical form - in the form of tablets and injections:
- A, F and B5 help strengthen the roots of the hair,
- B1 - helps withstand stress
- B2 - restores damaged follicles,
- B3 and B6 - improve metabolic processes in the scalp,
- biotin - activates hair growth,
- B8 - helps the absorption of other vitamins,
- B9, E - accelerate cell renewal,
- B12 - enriches hair roots with oxygen,
- C - strengthens the immune system.
It is possible to take complex preparations and bioactive additives designed specifically for hair density:
- INNEOV - the ingredients that are part of dietary supplements prevent hair loss, activate dormant follicles. Contains taurine and other hair-friendly substances.
- Hair Expert - a line of products from Evalar based on keratin, yeast and vitamins. Stimulates hairline growth.
- Pantovigar - treats baldness by strengthening the bulbs. Ingredients - yeast, vitamins, minerals, keratin.
- Revalid is a multivitamin complex that has a beneficial effect on the condition of the hair.
Transplantation is a radical treatment for baldness. It is used in cases of irreversible alopecia, mainly in men, but can also be shown to ladies. The procedure consists in obtaining material from a zone with preserved hair growth (occipital part, beard) and implanting it in the area of baldness.
The operation is long and expensive, but effective. There are other methods of surgical treatment of baldness - patchwork, removal of bald spots, but they are more traumatic and limited by a small number of indications.
Some medications for high blood pressure, antidepressants, etc. have a side effect that causes hair loss. After taking the preparations, the hairline is restored, but you can not interrupt the course of treatment yourself.
How to be
Consult a doctor for advice.
Anemia is one of the factors causing hair loss, because the blood circulation of the scalp suffers. If you notice symptoms such as drowsiness, general weakness, apathy, this is an occasion to take a blood test for hemoglobin.
How to be
To get started, add iron-containing foods (pomegranate, beef, apples, etc.) to your diet. If the condition does not improve, take a hemoglobin test, and let the doctor prescribe treatment for you.
7. Vitamin deficiency
The cause of hair loss can be hidden in the deficiency of trace elements and vitamins. It is especially important to restore the deficiency of vitamin C, which helps to absorb iron and stimulates the production of collagen (it strengthens the capillaries that nourish the hair). Also, with a deficiency of vitamin B, the hair becomes brittle and brittle. Vitamin B is abundant in whole grains, eggs, yeast, and liver.
How to be
Eat a variety of foods and include foods rich in vitamins C, B and other beneficial trace elements. Also, after consulting with a therapist, get a complex of vitamins.
8. Change in temperature
A sharp change in temperature can be one of the factors of hair loss. Winter hypothermia and ultraviolet exposure in the summer thin the hair.
How to be
Wear a hat depending on the time of year. If you go to the sauna, also cover your hair.
9. Hereditary baldness
The most common factor in hair loss is heredity. The baldness gene can be inherited both on the maternal and paternal lines.
How to be
If your parents had a problem with baldness, then you will most likely be affected by it. Reduce the risk factor by following preventive measures (proper nutrition, healthy lifestyle). Be sure to conduct preventive examinations and follow the recommendations of doctors.
10. Diseases of the scalp
Psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, fungal infection (dermatomycosis) are the most common diseases causing baldness.
How to be
Symptoms such as itching, rashes, redness on the background of hair loss - an occasion to urgently consult a doctor.
Hair falls out very much: what to do at home in the first place?
At home stop strong loss is possible only if the person knows the exact cause the appearance of this ailment.
Reasons for severe loss:
First steps for hair loss:
- Visit to the trichologist.
- Visit to the therapist.
- Visit to the endocrinologist.
- Visit to the gynecologist.
- Home treatment (multivitamin course, strengthening bulbs, peeling, use of masks, balms, lotions, sprays, serums).
The therapist will prescribe tests (blood, urine, feces) to identify pathologies. The endocrinologist will prescribe hormone tests to rule out hormonal malfunction. The trichologist conducts the trichogram procedure (checking the structure of the hair). The gynecologist takes a smear, sends for blood tests for infections.
Only after the specialists conduct all the examinations, can start treatment. If no pathologies are found in the body, the treatment of prolapse can be carried out independently at home.
Causes of Hair Loss
There are a lot of reasons for hair loss and you have to find out why the process of hair loss has begun:
- Stress is the culprit of most problems of the human body and hair loss is no exception. If you have recently suffered severe stress, often worry, lack of sleep, or have very serious physical exertion. When the body is under stress, the process of stopping the growth of hair follicles begins and the hairline becomes much less common, but you will not notice this immediately, but only after 2 weeks. Therefore, the cause of stress can be difficult to detect.
- A weakened immune system as a result of a long illness or worn out body work. In girls, hair loss very often begins after the birth of the baby, when breastfeeding begins.
- Wrong choice of shampoo or poor-quality shampoo. At the present time, chemicals are added in the production of shampoos that can cause hair loss. Most often, low-quality shampoos are fakes for a well-known brand.
- Lack of useful trace elements and vitamins. At the end of winter, our body weakens and the process of vitamin deficiency begins. Also, if you are on a diet, then you need to drink sets of vitamins. Your body may not have enough iron (if you feel constantly weakened, drowsy, and you have anemia).
- Infectious diseases. Dermatitis or seborrhea can cause scalp disease and as a result, hair loss will begin.
- Failure in the hormonal system. If a girl has an excess of testosterone, then this can lead to an imbalance in the hormonal system and this will slow down hair growth and the process of hair loss will begin. This can happen during pregnancy or after childbirth also when sexual activity is just beginning.
- Hair coloring and the use of electrical appliances can be one of the causes of hair loss, after all, all paints contain harmful chemical elements, so frequent staining harms the hair.
- Cardiovascular disease, osteochondrosis, or excess caffeine - this leads to the fact that the vessels begin to narrow and therefore the scalp and bulbs do not have enough blood supply and this leads to hair loss or baldness.
- Bad ecology can be the cause. If you live in a place where there is very polluted air or dirty precipitation occurs, it may affect your health.
- Heredity and thyroid problems can cause hair loss or hair loss.
This recipe is very famous and often used by women in Russia.
Using onion mass and juice are extremely effective methods.
The mask is suitable for all types of hair, but the curls because of it strongly smell a few days after washing.
Cut onions into large pieces and squeeze the juice from it, mix with 30 ml of honey and 1 egg yolk.
The mixture must be rubbed into the scalp, wrapped in polyethylene. The exposure time is 2 hours. The minimum course is 1 month.
Broth strengthens hair roots, suitable for all types. Hair after it gets dirty much more slowly, becomes light and smooth. For each application, you need to cook a new decoction of herbs.
Pharmaceutical burdock root (40 grams) mixed with dry marigold flowers (40 grams) and hop cones (30 grams).
Pour the mixture with water (1.5 liters) and cook for 10 minutes. Then use a sieve or gauze to remove all herbs.
The egg is an excellent tool for hair and skin.
Mask with honey, egg and burdock oil gives hair silky, nourishes, moisturizes, strengthens, accelerates growth.
Burdock oil (15 ml) mixed with 2 egg yolks and honey (15 ml).
All ingredients should be at room temperature. You need to mix the mask with a whisk or a mixer.
Apply a mask to dry hair roots. The exposure time is 3 hours. The minimum course is 1 month.
Yarrow grass has a positive effect on hair. She accelerates hair growth, reduces hair loss, strengthens the roots, prevents split ends, eliminates dandruff, moisturizes, nourishes hair roots and makes them less brittle.
Mix 250 ml of alcohol or vodka with 20 grams of dried yarrow. To stir thoroughly. Place the container with infusion in a dark, cold place and insist for 14 days. Then strain the liquid from pieces of grass.
Rub the resulting infusion into the scalp 30 minutes before shampooing. The course of rubbing is 2 months.
A simple hair loss test
Find your hair loss and carefully examine it. If there is no dark onion on it, there is nothing to worry about. If there is a bulb, then pull a bunch of hair on the temples and crown. If more than 5 hair remains, you need to look for the cause of hair loss.
Carrot contains many vitamins and minerals. It is rarely used for hair loss, but it is wrong. Carrots are able to restore the structure of the hair, strengthen the roots, give the curls an extra shine, accelerate hair growth. In winter, carrots are not as healthy as in summer and autumn.
2 large carrots must be grated or cut with a grinder.
Transfer the shabby carrots into a 500 gram capacity, pour it with oil (olive, sunflower or coconut).
Leave the container in a warm place for 14 days. (every day the contents must be mixed).
After that, strain the oil from the carrots.
You can use carrot oil with every hair wash - apply to the roots 1 or 2 hours before crushing.
Mask recipes for severe hair loss
Hair masks have a double effect: therapeutic and cosmetic. Regular treatment with nutrients stops hair loss, makes the hair thicker, stronger, shiny, gives it a healthy look.
For the greatest effect, masks should be applied to a clean head, rubbed into the roots with massage movements and left under the film and warming for a long time, from half an hour to a whole night. The course consists of 8 to 10 or more procedures with a frequency of once every 2 to 3 days.
- Onion mask. Grate the onion and squeeze the juice. Add 1 tbsp. l castor oil, 1 tsp. liquid honey, brandy, calendula on alcohol, drive in the yolk. Beat the mixture well, apply to hair. If the onion smell bothers you, rinse with acidic water and lemon juice. Onion activates blood circulation in the scalp.
- Yeast mask. Dilute the pressed yeast bar (50 gr.) With warm water to a thick sour cream, leave for 30 minutes. Then pour a small spoonful of honey, as much cognac and yolk. Such a mask saturates the skin with B vitamins, helps strengthen the roots.
- Mask with aloe. Keep a fresh leaf of aloe in the refrigerator for a day, squeeze the juice, mix with castor and burdock oils, honey - all 1 tbsp. l
- Cognac mask. In a tablespoon of an alcoholic drink add 1 tsp. honey and yolk. Rinse without shampoo, rinse with lemon water. The mask nourishes the scalp and activates microcirculation.
- Mustard mask. Dilute 2 tbsp. l mustard powder with boiling water, stir to the consistency of sour cream, add oil, egg yolk, honey. Apply to hair roots and keep while burning is tolerable. A mustard mask is one of the best ways to stimulate hair growth, helps to cope with very strong hair loss and restore the density of hair. The product warms the skin, irritates the nerve endings, causes a powerful rush of blood to the follicles.
1. Medical facilities
The main medicines and treatments for hair loss:
- Minoxidil - a vasodilator hormonal drug, which is almost always prescribed for hair loss for men and women. Helps slow down the process of hair loss and promotes the active growth of new hairs. There are 2 types of minoxidil - 2 and 5%, girls and women need to choose 2% minoxidil. This tool should be taken for a long period of time, about a year.
- Spironolactone - assigned to women when menopause begins. It is not recommended to take up to 35 years, it can adversely affect the health of young and pregnant girls. The result can be seen after 3 weeks of use.
- Finasteride - A very expensive and effective drug that has one side effect - sexual function is reduced and impaired.
- Cimetide - the drug is prescribed to women mainly in the form of tablets.
- Oral contraceptives help improve the structure of hair, nails and skin.
The transplantation process is as follows: a specialist transplantes hair from one part of the head (where the hair grows best) to the place where the most severe loss occurs.
In order to prevent early baldness, it is worth paying attention to the amount of hair falling out and the appearance of the hairstyle. If visible changes occur, it is necessary to identify their cause and try to stop the thinning. It is better to do this together with the doctor, but much depends on the patient himself:
- Take care of your hair and take care of it properly. Use suitable shampoos, avoid aggressive coloring and drying.
- Do not pull your hair, do not tight hair.
- Take vitamins.
- Eat fully, do not sit on strict diets.
- Try to wash your hair no more than once every 2 days with oily skin and even less often with dry skin.
- For washing, use water at a temperature of 36 - 42 degrees. The fatter the hair, the cooler the water.
- Timely consult a doctor for the treatment of chronic diseases, do not treat yourself with antibiotics, regularly take hormonal tests.
- If the prolapse begins, do not start treatment with strong medications. Try to strengthen hair with folk recipes.
2. Traditional medicine
Hair loss can be treated with folk remedies:
- Henna with mustard oil. You need to mix 50 grams of dry henna leaves and a glass of mustard oil. Mix all the ingredients, boil and strain. Cool the resulting mixture and rub into the scalp. This decoction will help strengthen the hair follicles and promote the growth of new hair.
- Rinse out the herbs. It is necessary to rinse the hair from the infusion of sage, St. John's wort or nettle. These infusions will actively help strengthen the roots and improve the condition of the hair.
- Coconut oil will help to make hair strong, reduce brittleness and reduce hair loss completely. You should regularly use coconut oil in the evening, and when you wake up, rinse off the residue with warm water.
- Almond and Rosemary Oil Maskhelp get rid of hair loss and make them more alive. Mix two of these oils in a percentage of 2: 1 and apply for 20 minutes on the scalp. Wash off the mask with warm water.
3. Lifestyle changes
You should follow some rules in your daily life so that your hair is healthy, strong and stops falling out:
- Observe proper nutrition. Do not eat fast food, spicy and fatty foods, and it is also worth excluding soda and alcoholic beverages. Products such as meat, fish, dates, vegetables, fruits and nuts will help stimulate hair growth.
- It’s worth reducing nervous stress and anxiety, since all diseases appear from nerves.
- It is not worth it to take antibiotics and prolonged use of oral contraceptives, since these drugs can disrupt the hormonal background.
Prophylaxis of prolapse
In order for your hair to be healthy and not fall out, you need to adhere to certain rules for hair care:
- Regularly ensure that your hair is clean, because clean hair is the key to their health. Only high-quality shampoos are used for your hair type. You need to wash your hair as often as necessary for their cleanliness.
- The water temperature should be warm, not more than 42 degrees. If you have oily hair, then you need to use cool water.
- Do not use hair dryers after washing, as your hair will be brittle and very dry. Hair should be dried naturally.
- The hair should dry and only then can it be combed
- To improve blood circulation, you need to buy a massage brush for the scalp.
- The less often you color, the better and healthier your hair.
Proper hair care is the best prevention against hair loss. It’s best to prevent hair loss and take care of your hair regularly!
Hair Loss Procedures
Together with the use of natural masks for hair loss, decoctions, infusions, rinses, more modern treatment methods can be used.
Massage. Helps improve blood circulation to the scalp, strengthens hair roots, accelerates growth. Massage can be done using various massagers for the head (goosebumps, hedgehogs, carnations, octopuses, etc.), with bare hands, a brush and with a comb.
The movements are smooth, slow, accurate, with little pressure. Pain should not be.
Massage time - 10 minutes. The minimum course is 30 days.
Darsonval. The effects of current on the scalp.
There are several different devices with which massage is provided (apparatus with several nozzles, apparatus without nozzles, laser comb). Massage is done gently, slowly and without pressure.
The device is not used for diseases of the blood, heart, mental disorders, thrombophlebitis, oncology, epilepsy, infectious diseases, during pregnancy and for children under 6 years of age.
The treatment time is 10 minutes. The course is 30 days.
Scalp peeling. The procedure is performed to cleanse the scalp from dead particles. It is important to use only soft scrubs that do not injure the damaged area.
For the procedure, you can buy cosmetics in specialized stores or use fine salt (table or sea).
The procedure takes 3-10 minutes. The course is 30 days (1 time per week).
Appeal to specialists
Do not self-medicate. The cause of hair loss can be pathological changes in the body or a combination of several problems.
You can stop hair loss with folk remedies at home. Together with the use of natural shampoos, masks, decoctions and rinses, you need to monitor your diet, daily routine and sleep. In the autumn, it is advisable to take a complex of vitamins.
Reviews for the treatment of severe hair loss
Review No. 1
After treatment with powerful antibiotics, hair began to crawl out in shreds. I did not want to engage in self-medication, I turned to the trichologist. I passed a bunch of tests for hormones, scraping from the scalp, nothing serious was revealed. The doctor prescribed Aminexil ampoules in male dosage and vitamins for injections.
On the course - 6 ampoules, like the hair fall has stopped, but only for six months. Repeated treatment didn’t work anymore, as a result I’m saved by grandmother's recipes: herbs, masks, burdock oil. If done constantly, everything is fine with density, and the hair looks great.
Review No. 2
My hair was burned with paint - 30 percent fell! We climbed into shreds, especially when combing and washing. She was treated herself, but very long and tedious.
In my arsenal: therapeutic mixture of oils (burdock, castor, wheat germ, vitamins E and A, mix everything, keep in the refrigerator), colorless henna and herbs (nettle, hop cones, calamus root, calendula). Alternated them 3 times a week: henna, decoctions, oil, etc. It was possible to stop the loss and grow normal hair.
Review No. 3
I am 30 years old and almost bald! What I just didn’t treat: I rubbed oil, stank of onions, burned my skin with pepper and mustard - all to no avail! I was tormented for a long time, then I got tired of laying 3 hairs in six rows and decided to go to the trichologist.
And not in vain! I was diagnosed with diffuse alopecia, and my tests revealed that I had a whole bunch: low hemoglobin, hypothyroidism, female hormonal failure. She was treated by a gynecologist, endocrinologist, took iron, thyroid hormones, and contraceptives.
Hormonal ointments and minoxidil were prescribed on the head. Got better. Now I have a dilemma - continue to restore hair or get pregnant. I want a baby, but then all my treatment should be stopped.
Why hair loss in men and women is very strong - the main reasons
Only 10% of the causes of hair loss in people of different sex and age are due to exposure to adverse factors. These include unskilled hairdressing services, a scalp burn in a domestic setting. In 90% of the underlying causes of baldness are associated with the presence of the disease.
Represents inflammation in areas of the largest accumulation of sebaceous glands. The skin of the head is a favorite localization of pathology. Inflammation proceeds chronically, with periods of seasonal exacerbation.
The reason for the development of the disease:
- hormonal imbalance
- stay in a stressful environment
- lack of sleep, neurological disorders
- hereditary predisposition
- eating problems
- excessive sweating
- hygiene errors
Predisposing factors are the presence of a chronic disease. With the above phenomena, the body can not cope with the suppression of the growth of pitrospore fungi. Their number rises to 90% (in a healthy person - 30%).
The disease is manifested by profuse hair loss, the scalp is inflamed and contains a large amount of dandruff. The desire to stop itching leads to scratching, secondary infection of the inflamed cover.The neglected form of seborrheic dermatitis is complicated by the formation of boils, the development of focal alopecia.
The disease is manifested by the formation of limited spots, on the surface of which many crusts appear. It has a chronic form, with periods of exacerbation and remission.
- Following an incorrect diet, vitamin deficiency, poor-quality nutrition
- Nervous exhaustion, stress transfer
- Physical activity without the possibility of a good rest
- Hormonal disorders
The difference between psoriasis and other diseases - with timely treatment, total baldness does not occur, only the number of hair loss increases. This is explained by the difficult psychological transfer of pathology, discomfort from aesthetic problems. But if psoriasis passes to the follicles, hair loss is possible (with a prolonged course and the absence of adequate treatment).
Trichophytosis, microsporia, favus
It is a fungal lesion of the scalp, developing against a background of reduced immunity.
- Sluggish diseases characteristic of the patient's body
- Poor nutrition
- Decreased skin protective ability
- Recent infection
- Scalp calculations complicated by subsequent entry of fungal microorganisms into the created injuries
Initially, limited red or beige spots appear, on the surface of which depressed crusts form. An extremely unpleasant mouse smell emanates from neoplasms. Hair falls out with the root - the rod does not break off. At the same time, intense peeling of the skin is observed.
Alopecia areata is the appearance on the scalp of limited areas of baldness - smooth and smooth, resembling skin after shaving. They have a round or oval shape. The foci of missing hair can merge, forming a large bald spot.
The reasons for the development are hereditary predisposition, stress, the presence of infectious diseases in the body (especially fungal origin).
An important factor predisposing to severe hair loss is damage to the scalp: burns, cuts. In place of scars, hair follicles do not appear. If there are no scars and hair growth is not observed, blood supply to the tissues is impaired, which leads to baldness.
Hormonal imbalance in boys and girls
A change in the hormonal background occurs during puberty - at this time, female sex hormones and vice versa can dominate in the body of men. These are unusual, pathological phenomena, which, first of all, are reflected in the condition of hair follicles and skin.
The following symptoms indicate problems with the hormonal background:
- neurological disorders - irritability, insomnia, mood swings
- jumps in blood pressure
- weight gain
- decreased libido
- in women - the appearance of hair on unusual areas of the body
- menstrual irregularities
- fatigue, dizziness
In addition to puberty, boys and girls have hormonal problems against the background of a lack of a healthy lifestyle, starvation, and the presence of latent inflammation due to stress. Stabilization of hormonal balance contributes to the normalization of nutrition, lack of nervous tension, proper rest, timely elimination of inflammation.
Androgenetic alopecia affects the hairline of men. The disease is difficult to treat. A genetic predisposition leads to the death of hair follicles. The conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone causes spasms of the blood vessels that feed the hair follicles. Baldness begins with the formation of small foci, then the spectrum expands.
Deficiency of vitamins and minerals
In addition to full blood supply, hair follicles should receive beneficial substances. If a person is starving, observes exhausting diets, is exhausted, is in a state of postoperative recovery, has suffered an infection - baldness - one of the typical manifestations of hypovitaminosis.
General strengthening procedures
The following procedures have beneficial effects on hair growth:
- Scalp massage. It will improve blood circulation, which will help saturate the follicles with useful substances, revitalize them.
- Darsonvalization. Processing of problem areas with a high-frequency current of weak strength prevents further baldness, and contributes to the formation of new follicles.
- Ozone Therapy The introduction of the ozone mixture into the scalp improves blood circulation and lymph circulation.
The listed methods should be prescribed only by a specialist - after receiving the results of the study passed by the patient, taking into account the root cause of baldness.
Hair loss during pregnancy
Hair loss is associated with hormonal changes in the mother’s body, as well as with a significant redistribution of vitamins and minerals during gestation. In order for the child to develop normally, he needs minerals (for bone formation), vitamins (for blood circulation and the state of the organs to be laid to be full), fatty acids.
The constant removal of the listed components from the mother’s body affects its condition - hair falls out, weakness, dizziness occurs, nail plates, tooth enamel suffer.